Plots the interaction coefficients of many two-qubit operations.


A point for the (x, y, z) normalized interaction coefficients of each interaction from the given interactions. The (x, y, z) coordinates are normalized so that the maximum value is at 1 instead of at pi/4.

If include_frame is set to True, then a black wireframe outline of the canonicalized normalized KAK coefficient space. The space is defined by the following two constraints:

0 <= abs(z) <= y <= x <= 1
if x = 1 then z >= 0

The wireframe includes lines along the surface of the space at z=0.

The space is a prism with the identity at the origin, a crease along y=z=0 leading to the CZ/CNOT at x=1 and a vertical triangular face that contains the iswap at x=y=1,z=0 and the swap at x=y=z=1:

                 swap___iswap___swap (x=1,y=1,z=+-1)
                   _/\    |    /
                 _/   \   |   /
               _/      \  |  /
             _/         \ | /
           _/            \|/

(x=0,y=0,z=0) I---------------CZ (x=1,y=0,z=0)

interactions An iterable of two qubit unitary interactions. Each interaction can be specified as a raw 4x4 unitary matrix, or an object with a 4x4 unitary matrix according to cirq.unitary ( (e.g. cirq.CZ or a cirq.KakDecomposition or a cirq.Circuit over two qubits).
include_frame Determines whether or not to draw the kak space wireframe. Defaults to True.
ax A matplotlib 3d axes object to plot into. If not specified, a new figure is created, plotted, and shown.
kwargs Arguments forwarded into the call to scatter that plots the points. Working arguments include color c='blue', scale s=2, labelling label="theta=pi/4", etc. For reference see the matplotlib.pyplot.scatter documentation:

The matplotlib 3d axes object that was plotted into.


ax = None
for y in np.linspace(0, 0.5, 4):
    a, b = cirq.LineQubit.range(2)
    circuits = [
            cirq.CZ(a, b)**0.5,
            cirq.X(a)**y, cirq.X(b)**x,
            cirq.CZ(a, b)**0.5,
            cirq.X(a)**x, cirq.X(b)**y,
            cirq.CZ(a, b) ** 0.5,
        for x in np.linspace(0, 1, 25)
    ax = cirq.scatter_plot_normalized_kak_interaction_coefficients(
        include_frame=ax is None,
_ = ax.legend()
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt