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cirq.ops.CliffordGate

Clifford rotation for N-qubit.

Inherits From: Gate, CommonCliffordGates

clifford_tableau

Methods

controlled

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Returns a controlled version of this gate. If no arguments are specified, defaults to a single qubit control.

num_controls: Total number of control qubits. control_values: For which control qubit values to apply the sub gate. A sequence of length num_controls where each entry is an integer (or set of integers) corresponding to the qubit value (or set of possible values) where that control is enabled. When all controls are enabled, the sub gate is applied. If unspecified, control values default to 1. control_qid_shape: The qid shape of the controls. A tuple of the expected dimension of each control qid. Defaults to (2,) * num_controls. Specify this argument when using qudits.

from_clifford_tableau

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Create the CliffordGate instance from Clifford Tableau.

Args
tableau A CliffordTableau to define the effect of Clifford Gate applying on the stabilizer state or Pauli group. The meaning of tableau here is To X Z sign from X [ X_x Z_x | r_x ] from Z [ X_z Z_z | r_z ] Each row in the Clifford tableau indicates how the transformation of original Pauli gates to the new gates after applying this Clifford Gate.

Returns
A CliffordGate instance, which has the transformation defined by the input tableau.

Raises
ValueError When input tableau is wrong type or the tableau does not satisfy the symplectic property.

from_op_list

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Construct a new Clifford gates from several known operations.

Args
operations A list of cirq operations to construct the Clifford gate. The combination order is the first element in the list applies the transformation on the stabilizer state first.
qubit_order Determines how qubits are ordered when decomposite the operations.

Returns
A CliffordGate instance, which has the transformation on the stabilizer state equivalent to the composition of operations.

Raises
ValueError When one or more operations do not have stabilizer effect.

num_qubits

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The number of qubits this gate acts on.

on

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Returns an application of this gate to the given qubits.

Args
*qubits The collection of qubits to potentially apply the gate to.

on_each

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Returns a list of operations applying the gate to all targets.

Args
*targets The qubits to apply this gate to. For single-qubit gates this can be provided as varargs or a combination of nested iterables. For multi-qubit gates this must be provided as an Iterable[Sequence[Qid]], where each sequence has num_qubits qubits.

Returns
Operations applying this gate to the target qubits.

Raises
ValueError If targets are not instances of Qid or Iterable[Qid]. If the gate qubit number is incompatible.
TypeError If a single target is supplied and it is not iterable.

validate_args

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Checks if this gate can be applied to the given qubits.

By default checks that:

  • inputs are of type Qid
  • len(qubits) == num_qubits()
  • qubit_i.dimension == qid_shape[i] for all qubits

Child classes can override. The child implementation should call super().validate_args(qubits) then do custom checks.

Args
qubits The sequence of qubits to potentially apply the gate to.

Throws:

  • ValueError: The gate can't be applied to the qubits.

with_probability

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wrap_in_linear_combination

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__add__

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__call__

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Call self as a function.

__eq__

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__mul__

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__ne__

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__neg__

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__pow__

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__rmul__

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__sub__

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__truediv__

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